Alternatives to the Finnish sauna: discover the different types of saunas

Sauna is one of the oldest and most effective methods of relaxation and regeneration. Finnish sauna, is the most famous type of sauna, but there are many other types of saunas that are popular around the world.
Discover the variety of sauna types: How to find the perfect wellness experience
© lizmyosotis/

Discover the variety of sauna types: How to find the perfect wellness experience

Let’s dive into the variety of sauna types together and discover the special benefits of different sauna alternatives to find the perfect wellness experience for your needs.

The bio sauna – Mild temperatures and higher humidity

In the bio sauna, also known as a sanarium, you enjoy milder temperatures between 50 and 60 degrees Celsius and higher humidity of about 40 to 60 percent. The pleasant heat and the more humid air make the bio-sauna particularly gentle and tolerable, making it excellent for sauna beginners and people with circulatory problems. The bio sauna can also be combined with different aromas and light effects to create a holistic relaxation experience.

The steam sauna – relaxation in the mist

Steam sauna, also called steam bath, is another alternative to the classic Finnish sauna. Temperatures of 40 to 50 degrees Celsius and almost 100 percent humidity are achieved here. The warm, moist mist opens the pores, promotes blood circulation and has a particularly beneficial effect on the respiratory tract. By adding essential oils, you can also enjoy an aromatic feel-good experience in the steam sauna.

The infrared sauna – deep heat for targeted regeneration

An infrared sauna is an innovative alternative to the traditional sauna and is based on the use of infrared radiators that generate deep heat. This heat penetrates directly into the skin and has a targeted effect on the muscles and tissues without heating the air in the room. The infrared sauna is especially suitable for tension, joint pain and regeneration after sports activities. The temperatures here are between 40 and 60 degrees Celsius, which makes it suitable even for people with circulatory problems.

The earth sauna – closeness to nature and originality

Earth sauna is a traditional form of sauna, where the sauna is embedded in the ground or covered with earth. This construction method provides natural heat insulation and a particularly pristine sauna experience. Earth sauna is characterized by its special atmosphere and the use of natural materials such as wood and stone. Temperatures between 80 and 100 degrees Celsius and low humidity provide an intense sweating experience, which is based on the classic Finnish sauna.

The salt sauna – healing effect for the respiratory tract and skin

Salt sauna is a special type of sauna, where salt stones or salt plates are equipped in the sauna walls and/or on the sauna floor. The heat causes the salt to evaporate and enriches the room air with valuable minerals and trace elements. Breathing in the salty air has a positive effect on the respiratory tract and the skin and can provide relief from respiratory diseases and skin problems such as neurodermatitis or psoriasis. The temperatures in the salt sauna are usually between 50 and 60 degrees Celsius.

Russian banya: a traditional alternative

Russian banya is a traditional type of sauna that originated in Russia. It is similar to the Finnish sauna, but has some differences. The temperature in the banya is lower, but the humidity is higher. A typical banya has a stove, which is typically fired with wood. During the sauna visit, birch branches are often used to whip the body, which promotes blood circulation and purifies the body. The banya is a good option for people looking for a traditional sauna experience.

Laconium: A mild alternative to the sauna

Laconium is a mild alternative to sauna, which works with lower temperatures. The room is equipped with heated benches and floor heating, which create a mild heat. Laconium is a good option for people who do not like it so hot or who cannot go to the sauna due to health problems. It offers similar benefits as the sauna, such as cleansing the body and relaxation, but at a comfortable temperature.

Ice grotto: a refreshing cool down

The ice grotto is not a sauna type, but a cooling option after sauna. As a rule, the ice grotto is located near the sauna and provides a refreshing cooling for the body. The room is lined with ice blocks or crushed ice and offers a cold of up to -15 degrees Celsius. The contrast of heat and cold stimulates blood circulation in the body, which is very healthy for the body.


In the world of saunas, there are numerous alternatives to the classic Finnish sauna that take into account individual needs and preferences. Whether milder temperatures, higher humidity, deep heat or special additives such as salt – the various types of sauna offer a diverse range of relaxation options for every taste and well-being. Try the different sauna alternatives and find your personal favorite sauna.

Isalie Graf