Saunas: Caution fire hazard if used improperly

What precautions should sauna operators and sauna visitors take to make their stay in the sauna safe?
Sauna Fires: Important precautions for users and operators of wellness areas
© Can Stock Photo/krsmanovic

Sauna Fires: Important precautions for users and operators of wellness areas

Saunas are an indispensable part of any wellness area, providing a healthy and relaxing wellness experience. Unfortunately, there have been repeated cases in the past where sauna fires have led to serious damage or even fatalities for a variety of reasons.

Therefore, it is important that users of these facilities are aware of the potential risks and take the necessary precautions when enjoying their stay in the wellness area. In addition, operators of such facilities should ensure that all safety regulations are strictly adhered to so as not to endanger people’s lives.

Technical and organizational risks in sauna fires

In addition to human risk factors, there are also some technical risks that can lead to sauna fires. Defective electrical installations or incorrect wiring of the heater and controls, as well as overheating due to insufficient ventilation combined with high humidity, are some of these risks.

One of the most important measures to prevent such hazards is regular maintenance of heating systems by qualified personnel in compliance with the manufacturer’s instructions and safety regulations. In this way, possible weak points can be detected and corrected in time to ensure the safety of the sauna.

In addition, when planning new saunas, fire protection measures should always be taken into account in order to comply with current standards right from the start. This includes both technical aspects, such as the installation of smoke detectors, and organizational measures, such as staff training in fire safety and emergency procedures.

The installation of smoke detectors is particularly important because they provide early warning of fires, allowing evacuation and the use of fire extinguishers before the fire spreads. Staff responsible for operating and maintaining the sauna should also receive proper training in fire safety measures and emergency procedures. This will help them respond appropriately and ensure the safety of sauna guests.

Preventive controls and signs to prevent accidents in sauna facilities

To prevent accidents in sauna facilities due to negligence or faulty installations, operators must ensure the proper operation of their facilities by conducting preventive checks before each use. These checks should include a comprehensive inspection, from the temperature settings of the heaters to small details such as removing cleaning agents before turning them back on after cleaning.

It is also important to post clearly visible signs throughout the sauna facility warning against improper use. These signs should be easy to read and provide clear instructions for proper use of the equipment. For example, they may indicate that entering the sauna with wet bathing suits is not permitted, that care should be taken when entering and exiting the sauna, or that hot infusion water should be used with caution.

In addition, it is advisable to inform guests about safe behavior on the premises as needed. This can be done through informational brochures, notices, or verbal explanations. For example, guests should be informed about how to exercise caution when entering and exiting the sauna, how to avoid burns from hot surfaces, and what to do in an emergency.

Responsible use of sauna heaters: measures to prevent accidents and hazards

Regardless of technological advances, the effective and safe use of a sauna heater is still the responsibility of people to avoid accidents. For this to succeed, users should take certain measures and follow the manufacturer’s safety instructions.

One important precaution is not to place objects near the sauna heater while it is in operation. Placing objects such as towels, clothing, or other flammable materials near the sauna heater poses a risk of accidental ignition or overheating. Therefore, it is advisable to keep a sufficient safety distance and ensure that there are no potentially combustible materials near the heater.

In addition, users should carefully follow the manufacturer’s instructions, especially regarding the maximum load on the furnace, the proper use of infusing agents, and the appropriate duration of sauna use. Overloading the heater or improper use of infusers can cause excessive heat buildup and increase the risk of burns or fires. To use the furnace safely, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s specific instructions.

In addition to following the safety instructions, users should also be vigilant and respond immediately if any problems occur. If unusual noises, smoke or other signs of malfunction occur, the heater should be shut down immediately and professional assistance should be sought if necessary. One should not ignore potential problems, and act quickly to minimize potential hazards.

By taking responsibility and following safety instructions, users can effectively prevent accidents when operating a sauna heater. Proper placement of items, following the manufacturer’s instructions, and acting quickly when problems arise are critical to safety and a safe and enjoyable sauna experience.

Take Responsibility: How to avoid accidents when operating a sauna heater

In addition, when operating a sauna heater, users should ensure that they use the correct amount of infusion water. The infusion water should be dosed judiciously and poured onto the designated area of the heater to avoid overflowing or splashing hot water, which could cause burns.

It is also advisable to clean the furnace regularly and remove ash or other debris to ensure proper combustion and efficient operation. Regular cleaning also helps prevent the buildup of combustible materials that could lead to a fire.

Another important precaution is to use heat-resistant materials for the floor and walls around the sauna heater. This will ensure that combustible materials do not come into contact with the sauna heater and cause fires.

It is also advisable to never leave the sauna heater unattended. During operation, someone should always be nearby to detect potential hazards early and react accordingly. If the sauna heater has an automatic shut-off function, you should still remain vigilant and carefully monitor the heater.

In addition to these measures, it is recommended that you install a smoke detector near the sauna that will sound an early alarm in the event of a fire. A well-functioning fire extinguisher should also be handy for immediate intervention in case of emergency.

Safe operation of a sauna cabin: avoiding fires caused by improper use

In addition, care should be taken to ensure that the sauna room is installed and operated properly to minimize the likelihood of fires. Proper installation will ensure that electrical components are safely connected and that ventilation is functioning adequately. It is advisable to consult a professional electrician to ensure that all electrical connections meet applicable safety standards.

When operating the sauna room, users should always be aware of potential hazards. This includes avoiding flammable materials such as towels or paper near the cabin. Care should also be taken to avoid accidental spills of flammable liquids that can ignite in high heat.

Another important measure is adequate ventilation of the sauna cabin. Overheating can lead to fires, so it is important that the vents are not blocked and that there is adequate air circulation. If the sauna room is operated with a heater, it is important to operate it properly and follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

Finally, every sauna room user should be informed about what to do in the event of a fire. This includes knowing where the fire extinguishers are located, understanding the alarm devices, and knowing how to safely exit the cabin. Regular training and information sessions can help raise awareness of fire safety in sauna rooms and further reduce the risk of fires caused by improper use.

Take additional protective measures and pay attention to ventilation

If possible, install additional protective measures such as smoke detectors or fire extinguishers near your sauna room in case something goes wrong during use. Make sure you have adequate ventilation when operating your sauna room, as a lack of ventilation can lead to a dangerous buildup of carbon monoxide, which in turn can lead to dangerous situations.

Below are some safety precautions that should be followed when using a sauna:

  • Always read the instruction manual and follow all safety instructions.
  • Make sure the sauna is properly installed and maintained, especially the sauna heater.
  • Never use the sauna if it is damaged or defective.
  • Never leave the sauna unattended while it is in operation.
  • Never leave children or pets unattended in the sauna.
  • Make sure there is a working smoke detector and fire extinguisher near the sauna.
  • Do not use undiluted flammable sauna infusions.
  • Do not place flammable objects on the sauna heater.
  • The lateral radiation temperature of the heater surfaces must not exceed 100 °C, otherwise the heater must be covered with a protective wall.
  • In any case, a protection against contact must be provided.
  • Adjacent benches must be secured with a railing.
  • In the area of the heater, the wall and ceiling parts must also be designed in accordance with fire regulations.



All in all, saunas can be enjoyed safely as long as they are properly installed, maintained and used according to the manufacturer’s instructions and safety guidelines. By following these precautions, you can reduce the risk of fire and enjoy the benefits of a sauna without worry.


Appropriate products for fire protection:

Here you can find a daily updated bestseller list on the topic: fire extinguishers and smoke detectors.


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